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The rose hip (Rosa canina) commonly known as the dog-rose, is a variable climbing wild rose species native to Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia.
Rose hips begin to form after successful pollination of flowers in spring or early summer, and ripen in late summer through autumn. A deciduous, variable, prickly, sprawling, rather open, perennial shrub that grows up to 3m high with 5-petalled, pink or white flowers and leaves with 5-7 leaflets with toothed edges. It is a species of rose with soft pink, fragrant, single flowers and scented leaves when crushed.
Rosa canina was introduced into South Australia by the early settlers as a garden ornamental and hedge plant. It has become naturalised on roadsides, neglected pasture and native vegetation in the higher rainfall regions of the State. It is most common in Tasmania, Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. Less common in some parts of central and southern New South Wales, in the cooler parts of south-eastern Queensland, in other parts of South Australia and in the coastal districts of south-western Western Australia. It is also sparingly naturalised in the ACT. Rosehip grows well native bushland, open woodlands, roadsides, fence-lines, waste areas, waterways, hedgerows and pastures that are found mainly in temperate regions.
Rosehip oil is a fruit oil extracted from the hip of the rose. The hip is the fruit that is left after a rose has bloomed and the petals have fallen.
Rosa canina has been found to be a rich source of Vitamin C - approximately 20-60 times as much Vitamin C as oranges, weight for weight. It is also a rich source of essential fatty acids, a natural source of vitamin A and is full of antioxidants.
Vitamin A increases skin-cell turnover and reduce wrinkles, and vitamin C helps even skin tone .
Rosehip Oil may help reduce the appearance of stretch marks and scars, maintain skin hydration and softness, improve the appearance of dry and sensitive skin, minimise the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and promote skin elasticity and texture.
In the traditional medicine Rosa canina fruits have been used internally as tea for treatment of viral infections and disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract. The astringency of rose hips can help relieve dysentery and diarrhoea, protect the body from numerous internal and external stresses and are extremely useful in preventing and fighting infections, colds, flu, and pneumonia.
Rosehip Oil has been used for centuries for its potent skin regeneration properties, nourishing the skin. It can be used daily neat on all skin types and can be used on even the most sensitive skin and is marketed as a face oil.
Rosehip can be found in anti-aging products, stretch mark creams, regenerative skin creams, Eczema and Psoriasis creams, skin soothing treatments, acne treatments, scalp nourishing treatments, shampoos & conditioners, body tonics, face and body cleansers and moisturisers, bath oils and creams, eye gels & creams, balms, hand creams, exfoliators for face & body, aromatherapy and massage oils.